Updated Monday, February 25, 2013 at 06:34 AM
WASHINGTON — One of the key players in a special Democratic congressional primary Tuesday in Chicago is from New York.
Mayor Michael Bloomberg of New York is using his wealth to challenge a candidate running on a gun-rights platform in the first election since the December school shooting in Newtown, Conn. It’s part of his crusade to be a political counterweight to the National Rifle Association.
The NRA has chosen not to counter Bloomberg’s ads attacking its preferred candidate, former Rep. Debbie Halvorson, and liberal Chicago districts are an imperfect test case. But Bloomberg’s lavish participation in the race may be enough to cause political ripples, as other lawmakers are put on notice that next time, the mayor’s millions could be spent in their districts.
“Folks running for office are going to have to stand behind their record,” said Stefan Friedman, spokesman for Bloomberg’s “super PAC,” Independence USA.
Gun-rights supporters have clearly gotten the message.
Richard Pearson, executive director of the Illinois State Rifle Association, said his group was caught off-guard by the mayor’s attack, and he warned sympathizers in other states that “Bloom- berg is coming to your state. Be ready.”
The race is for the seat that was held by Jesse Jackson Jr. until his resignation last fall. His tenure was cut short by mental-health troubles and allegations of ethical lapses.
More than a dozen Democrats sought to replace him; in the solidly liberal district, the primary winner is almost certain to win in April’s general election.
Halvorson has tried to distinguish herself from the large field, and to appeal to voters in a rural portion of the district, by supporting rights to carry concealed weapons and opposing an assault-weapons ban. Bloomberg’s advertising barrage has relentlessly attacked Halvorson, who has an “A” rating from the NRA, and at the same time championed Cook County administrator Robin Kelly, who has made her support for new gun laws a centerpiece of her campaign.
The district includes predominantly black communities in south Chicago and its nearby suburbs, and neighboring white rural areas.
Even before the Newtown shooting, gun violence was destined to be a central election issue. Chicago had more than 500 homicides in 2012, and the vast majority was linked to firearms.
By spending $2.2 million on anti-gun ads, Bloomberg propelled the race into the national spotlight, prompting other advocacy groups to jump into the fray.
“This is our first chance to beat the NRA this year,” exhorted Democracy for America, a Vermont-based organization that is an offshoot of former Gov. Howard Dean’s 2004 presidential campaign, in an email to supporters.
The Halvorson campaign said the economy, not guns, is the top concern of voters in the district.
“We’re just not going to let a guy from New York dictate what’s going to happen in this election,” said Sean Howard, spokesman for the Halvorson campaign.
The NRA has kept a low profile in this race, opting not to weigh in with its own television ads or direct mail. The only pro-gun-rights advocacy has come from the Illinois State Rifle Association, which sent mailers on Halvorson’s behalf this week to its several thousand members in the district.
This is not Bloomberg’s first foray outside his home state.
In 2012, Bloomberg spent $8.2 million on five House races, targeting candidates with top marks from the NRA. Three of his preferred candidates won.
In one notable coup, his super PAC helped defeat Rep. Joe Baca, D-Calif., by spending more than Baca and his opponent combined.
The television commercials in that race did not focus on guns, as the Illinois ones have.
Democratic strategist Bill Carrick said Bloomberg’s spending in Chicago demonstrates that his political activism will be sustained.
“I don’t think he’s going away,” Carrick said.
Former Rep. Debbie Halvorson
Cook County administrator Robin Kelly
Mayor Michael Bloomberg